Here’s Why You Need Help for Aviation Infrastructure Management

Airport infrastructure involves a number of relevant stakeholders, and if you are an asset owner which needs aviation infrastructure management, it's best to hire a company that specializes in the sector. Infrastructure management in this industry can mean many things but here are the key areas to be addressed – * Professional management * Streamlined…

Airport infrastructure involves a number of relevant stakeholders, and if you are an asset owner which needs aviation infrastructure management, it's best to hire a company that specializes in the sector. Infrastructure management in this industry can mean many things but here are the key areas to be addressed –

* Professional management

* Streamlined operations

* Reduced costs

* Customized operational and financial reporting

* Enhanced brand recognition and value

What is involved?

Airport Infrastructure Management includes the process of efficiently scaling operations in the sector, so that you can enjoy better control over your business. It also involves creating a secure, safe and reliable network, which includes all the aviation and airport components of your enterprise benefit from importing industry wide best practices. Aviation asset owners will henceb be able to make informed decisions with regard to capital deployment. No matter whether you are a private institutional investor such as a private equity firm or family office or a public entity such as an airport sponsor, a professional aviation management company can increase efficiency, provide custom reporting and drive value across your enterprise.

Why use a professional company for aviation infrastructure management?

* First and foremost, it is possible to balance interoperability, flexibility, and security in regular business operations. As a result, the quality of services will improve, and you will see a significant difference in your asset's activity.

* Secondly, you can focus on decreasing costs through efficiency and scaling. At the same time, you can also improve service delivery at every level through customized real time reporting.

* With an experienced team at work, you can be assured of transparency and there before make informed, data-driven decisions. This offers asset owners control at key levels of decision making.

How to find the best company for assistance?

Some companies specialize in certain areas, such as FBO, MRO, ACM, ground handling, etc. With a professional firm with experience across the board you can expect to get considerable help for all business segments. Also, you direct 24×7 support for different areas that need immediate attention. Before you choose a management company, you should diligence their experience and capabilities in the industry. If a company has a deep, diverse experience, they can create a customized plan which addresses your areas of needs and mutually aligns the party's interest.

To sum up things, three factors matter in choosing a company for aviation infrastructure management. First, the company must have deep experience across a wide variety of industry segments such as FBO, MRO and ACM. Second, the management company's service must be capable of providing a scalable operational plan and must have appropriate metrics to measure success. Finally, the prospective company should offer adequate support for the project, as and when needed, without any compromises.

Support in aviation is always critical, and it is imperative to choose a team that has adequate industry standing and experience. Search online now to know about the best companies in business.

The Best Destinations to Fly Inside Australia From Sydney With Virgin Airlines

Virgin Airlines is Australia's second largest airline. With around 58 destinations, 30 of which are domestic, the airline has become a popular choice for most Australians. If you are flying from Sydney, there are many reasons why you should consider Virgin Airlines. The company owes its popularity to wonderful services, cheap prices and allowances on…

Virgin Airlines is Australia's second largest airline. With around 58 destinations, 30 of which are domestic, the airline has become a popular choice for most Australians. If you are flying from Sydney, there are many reasons why you should consider Virgin Airlines. The company owes its popularity to wonderful services, cheap prices and allowances on baggage. The seats and food on their planes have also been mentioned in many travelers' praises. If you plan to travel to the following destinations, you should consider traveling with Virgin Airlines.


Who would not want to visit Perth, with its jaw dropping beaches, diversity, shopping, amazing nightlife and sea adventures? It is the sunniest city in the nation and has a lot to offer anyone who wants to have wonderful memories. A flight from Sydney to Perth takes approximately five hours. These will fly away like seconds when you are located in the comfortable seats of Virgin Airlines' planes enjoying beverages. One way flights start from $ 184. Virgin Airlines use T3 terminal at Sydney Airport while the T1 terminal at Perth Airport is reserved exclusively for them. If you want to travel to the CBD, you can use the shuttle service from the airport at the price of $ 15 per head.


There have always been heated debts wherever Sydney or Melbourne is the best city in the country. What if you did not have to choose one? What if you could get to experience the different adventures they both have to offer? Virgin Airlines enables you to travel from Sydney to Melbourne at the price of $ 111 for one way tickets. Book your flight and have a chance to experience what is considered the world's most livable city. If not for any other reason, the skyline in Melbourne is worth the journey.

Byron Bay

If you asked most people, they would not want to travel to Byron Bay; they would love to live there. From the variety of night clubs to music festivals to the pristine beaches, Byron Bay is the perfect destination. If you have ever dreamed of surfing and watching dolphins then this is the place to make your dream come true. With one way tickets from Sydney to Barina Byron Bay selling from as low as $ 85, Virgin Airlines will make you feel like you literally live there. The only problem is that tickets frequently get sold out during the holidays. Virgin Airlines makes over 50 flights between Sydney and Barina Byron Bay in a week.

Sydney is undetected the best destination in Australia. It is even better that one can visit other wonderful destinations from the heart of Australian tourism. Virgin Airlines make domestic travel easy enough for you to see most of the attractions in the country.

The History of TAP Air Portugal

Because of the limited size of its home market, TAP Air Portugal replaced its 747-200Bs with a half-dozen, lower-capacity L-1011-500s, which became its intercontinental type for a decade and a half. The impetus for the carrier's creation, however, was not necessarily so clearly defined. While the country's strategic location optimized it to serve as a…

Because of the limited size of its home market, TAP Air Portugal replaced its 747-200Bs with a half-dozen, lower-capacity L-1011-500s, which became its intercontinental type for a decade and a half.

The impetus for the carrier's creation, however, was not necessarily so clearly defined. While the country's strategic location optimized it to serve as a transatlantic gateway during World War II-and aeronautical advancement would one day place it at the air crossroads between Africa and North and South America-interest in establishing such an indigenous airline was lukewarm at best.

Indeed, airline operations up to this time had been sporadic, unstructured, and were considered particularly important. The first skeletal concern, controlled by Air France, served Tangier and then Casablanca with a Lockheed Lodestar under the banner of Aero Portuguesa, but it was discontinued in April of 1953.

A domestic city pair, Lisbon-Oporto, which it had also connected, was subsequently served by another local, fledgling company, Companhia de Transportes (CTA), but its reign was also brief and brave way to what would become the definitive flag carrier, Transportes Aeros Portugueses (TAP), a concern created by the government and considered a division of the Civil Aeronautics Secretariat.

Its initial route structure was, at one and the same time, logical and almost unfathomably ambitious-in the former case, encompassing domestic destinations and Ilha do Sal, or Sal Island, in the Cape Verde Islands, where a sound runway facilitated operations, and in the latter, a 24,540-kilometer African trans-navigation to the Portuguese colony of Lourenco Marques (Mozambique) dubbed the “Linha Aera Imperial,” or “Imperial air line,” with intermediate stops in Casablanca, Vila Cisneros, Bathurst, Robertsfield, Accra, Libreville, Luanda, Leopoldville, Elizabethville, and Salisbury.

Inaugurated on New Year's Eve of 1946, it was operated by a 21-passenger, twin-engine DC-3 and took four days to complete.

Other, less ambitious scheduled services had included TAP's inaugural one to Madrid in pool with Iberia four months earlier, on September 19, and Paris the following summer, on August 10, 1947. Seville and London were added to the route system by the end of the decade.

Its eight DC-3s, sequentially registered CS-TDA through -TDH, were soon joined by four, quad-engine, tricycle undercarriage-equipped DC-4 Skymasters that were converted from military C-54 versions to commercial ones with seating for 44 to 54 and registered CS-TSA, -TSB, -TSC, and -TSD.

The 1950s were characterized by the acquisition of an even larger, more advanced airliner, the Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation.

Based upon the original L-649 / -749, it introduced a fuselage stretch, giving it a new, 113.4-foot overall length, four 3,250-hp Wright R-3350-972TC18-DA3 Turbo Compound engines, and new maximum take off weights and ranges of, respectively, 137,500 pounds and between 4,160 and 4,810 miles.

Numerically the most popular of the Constellation versions, it offered accommodation for 99 single-class, five-abreast passengers and Henry Dreyfuss-style interiors.

Placing its initial order for three aircraft in December of 1953, TAP took delivery of them two years later, in July and September of 1955, operating them domestically, from Lisbon to Oporto; continentally, to London and Paris; and intercontinentally to Lourenco Marques via Kano (Nigeria) and Leopoldville, reducing the run to 22 hours.

Its historical fleet of six aircraft, including a leased L-1049E with earlier engines, bore registrations CS-TLA through -TLF and were operated until 1967.

Progressively expanding, TAP notched up multiple records by 1958, including the creation of a more than 14,000-kilometer route system, a 1,000-employee base, and the transport of more than 64,000 passengers.

The 1960s served as the airline's threshold to the jet age. In order to be progressive and offer higher-speed flights between Lisbon and London, it leased a de Havilland DH.106-4B Comet from British European Airways (BEA), which itself had ordered six from the manufacturer for its Mediterranean sectors so that it could remain competitive with Air France on European routes, which itself operated the pure-jet Sud-Aviation SE.210 Caravelle III.

Based upon the long-range Comet 4, the 4B, the continental version, introduced a stretched fuselage, accommodating 84 four-abreast first class or up to 102 five-abreast coach passengers, and offered a new 118-foot overall length. Powered by four wing root-installed Rolls Royce Avon 524 turbojets, it featured a shortened, 107.10-foot wingspan and 545-mph cruise speed, considering reducing barriers times between cities. Paradoxically, it shared the same forward fuselage and cockpit section as its Caravelle competitor.

Conceding, sometimes, to French competition, TAP discontinued its BEA aircraft lease in 1962, when it took delivery of its own, thrust reverser equipped Caravelle VIRs, historically operating three twin-engine, 80-passenger aircraft registered CS-TCA, -TCB, and -TCC between Lisbon and Madrid. Like many other European carriers, however-such as Air France, Alitalia, Austrian Airlines, Finnair, SAS, and Sabena-it soon considered it its short- to medium-range workhorse, connecting its home base with an increasing continental network that included the likes of Amsterdam, Brussels, Copenhagen, Frankfurt, Geneva, London, Madrid, Munich, and Zurich, albeit with less than daily service, offering passengers quiet, above-the-weather speed outside and meal service with wine inside, even in its coach cabins.

By 1964, it had carried its one millionth passenger.

Yet a third pure-jet type entered the fleet the following year, the 707-320B. Registered CS-TBA through -TBJ, along with CS-TBT and -TBU, the quad-engine Boeing facilitated the opening of intercontinental routes, such as its “Flight of Friendship” to Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, a 19-hour segment to Goa, India, with five intermediate stops, and one to Bissau via the Cape Verde Islands.

With the retirement of its Constellations in 1967, TAP became Europe's first all-jet airline.

Buenos Aires, Argentina, and Sao Paulo, Brazil, factored into its route system by the end of the decade.

The 1970s were marked with continued expansion. In 1971, for example, construction of new facilities in Lisbon, including a corporate headquarters, a training center, and a maintenance hangar, were completed, while 1974 witnessed several kilometers, including a 32-strong fleet, a more than 40-destination route system, some 9,000 staff members, and 1.5 million passengers.

Technology was integral to its growth. TAPMATIC, an integrated reservation, passenger check-in, and load control computer system, was introduced, and TAP became the first European carrier certified to perform 747 Pratt and Whitney engine checks.

On April 15, 1975 it was nationalized.

Boeing played an integral role in its fleet renewal strategy. The 747-200B became its first intercontinental widebody and the narrow body 727-100 progressively replaced its Caravelles. Retaining the fuselage cross section of the 707 to permit the installation of six-abreast coach seating, the latter featured three, 14,000 thrust-pound Pratt and Whitney JT8D-1 low bypass ratio turbofans mounted on the aft fuselage and in the vertical tail, which high horizontal stabilizer eliminated engine efflux interference. Its wings, unobstructed by pylons, offered maximum, short-field lift with its full-span leading edge slats and trailing edge triple slotted Fowler flaps.

The type remained in the fleet until 1989.

The decade also saw the continued additions of destinations, such as Milan, Lyon, and Luxembourg in Europe, Kinshasa in Africa, Montreal in Canada, Boston as an extension of the New York route in the US, and Caracas in South America.

The 1980s served as the threshold to the carrier's new image and “TAP Air Portugal” name, which entailed aircraft logo, business, and uniform changes, the introduction of its Navigator business class, and the opening of a cargo terminal and ticket office at the airport.

Offering too much capacity for its routes, the 747s were replaced with TriStar 500s and the 727-100s were complemented by 737-200 Advanceds in 1983. Originally powered by two pod-encased, wing underside attached Pratt and Whitney JT8D-7 engines, they were optimized for short-range, low-capacity, inter-European segments, although their maximum capacity was the same as the 727's-130. TAP's year-earlier order constituted Boeing's 1,000th sale of the type.

Its registrations progressed from CS-TEK to -TEV.

The first of 14 next generation 737-300s, which featured a 104-inch fuselage stretches for up to 149 passengers and large-diameter, pylon-mounted, 20,000 thrust-pound CFM International CFM65-3 turbofans, joined the fleet in 1988, although some, as had occurred with the -200s, flew for TAP's Air Atlantis charter subsidiary.

Expansion, particularly towards the end of the decade, was considerable: Athens, Dublin, Hamburg, Munich, Nice, Stockholm, Stuttgart, Toulouse, and Vienna were added in Europe, Abidjan and Dakar in Africa, Toronto in Canada, and Newark in the US.

The period was also marked by the gradual shift to Airbus Industrie aircraft, the first of which, the long-range, twin-engine, twin-aisle A-310-300, was delivered in 1988 and completed the L-1011-500s on intercontinental routes, such as Lisbon to New York.

Carrying more than 3.7 million passengers and 65 million kilos of cargo in 1993, TAP Air Portugal served 57 destinations on five continents: Faro, Funchal, Horta, Lisbon, Ponta Delgada, Porto, Porto Santo, and Terceira domestically; Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, ​​Berlin, Bologna, Brussels, Copenhagen, Frankfurt, Geneva, Hamburg, London, Luxembourg, Lyon, Madrid, Malaga, Milan, Munich, Nice, Oslo, Paris, Rome, Stockholm, Vienna and Zurich respectively; Tel Aviv in the Middle East; Abidjan, Bissau, Brazzaville, Casablanca, Dakar, Harare, Ilha do Sal, Johannesburg, Libreville, Luanda, Maputo, and Sao Tome in Africa; Boston, Montreal, Newark, New York and Toronto in North America; Curacao and Santo Domingo in the Caribbean; and Caracas, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, and Sao Paulo in South America.

Fleet consolidation continued. In 1994, for instance, TAP took delivery of the first of four, 274-passenger Airbus A-340-300s, which, sequentially registered CS-TOA, -TOB, -TOC, and -TOD, replaced the TriStars on intercontinental sectors, while the narrow body, twin-engine A-319, A-320, and A-321 family took over the role from the 737-200s and -300s.

TAP also became a founding member of the Qualiflyer Group of European Airlines with Austrian and Swissair.

At the dawn of the 21st century, it carried more than five million passengers, operated a 40-strong fleet, implemented its Modernization of the Organization (MOP) program by subdividing the company into airline, handling, and maintenance business units, and launched its fifth corporate image since its 1945 finding with the introduction of the simpler “TAP Portugal” design.

“The new image was designed to graphically communicate the idea of ​​modernity, lightness, and the Portuguese way,” according to its website, “and to reinvigorate the name TAP, which both the Portuguese (people) and the company's employees always preferred. was the start of a new phase. ”

In 2005 it joined the Star Alliance.

Operating 21 132-passenger A-319-100s, 19 162-passenger A-320-200s, three 200-passenger A-321-100s, 16 263-passenger A-330-200s, and four 274-passenger A-340- 300s on more than 2,500 weekly flights to 76 destinations in 29 countries in 2017, TAP had achieved its goal of establishing Portugal as the aerial crossroads between Europe, Africa, and North and South America.

Guide for Selecting an Aircraft Charter and Management Specialist

Aircraft Charter and Management is a highly regulated, highly specialized business. The relationship between an aircraft owner and their management company is unique; it is closer to a partnership then a traditional supplier / customer relationship. When it comes to selecting a company for aircraft management, most owners like to hire a company with deep…

Aircraft Charter and Management is a highly regulated, highly specialized business. The relationship between an aircraft owner and their management company is unique; it is closer to a partnership then a traditional supplier / customer relationship. When it comes to selecting a company for aircraft management, most owners like to hire a company with deep experience, top safety ratings and one which understands and is aligned with the owner's air travel requirements. In this post, we will discuss key areas that are differentiators when choosing and ACM company.

– Experience is one of the most important factors. When you are looking for an aircraft charter and management specialist , you have to consider their experience. This is extremely vital because it severely determines the kind of services you can expect from them. If required, ask the prospective company to offer references of past customers with similar aircraft and mission profiles.

– Consider their safety ratings. There are well known and respected organizations such as Argus, Wyvern, IS-BAO and the Air Charter Safety Foundation which rate ACM companies based upon their safety record. Ask potential management company for its ratings from these organizations.

– Who are their clients? While many organizations and individual aircraft owners prefer confidentiality, some may be available for use as reference. At a minimum an ACM operator should be able to provide a profile of their clients on a “blind” basis for review.

– What's their expertise? A prospective management company should be able to provide you a summary of their Operations Specifications, or OPSPECS, so you can better understand their capabilities. This is especially important for owners who plan to travel outside of the US

– How do they measure success? Another way of saying this is what type of reporting will you receive? Most owners of managed aircraft receive a monthly summary detail every flight, every maintenance transaction, etc. As an owner, you have every right to receive whatever information you want, in whatever format you want it. If you are used to reviewing performance reports a certain way, you should be able to tailor your aircraft activity reporting this way as well. If desired, you can even have an automated data interface set up to electronically transfer this information to you as well.

Finally, you have to understand the value proposition. Not all companies can deal with management requirements efficiently, and it can only add to your overall costs. The whole purpose of hiring an aviation management company is to keep a tight control on the operations and increase efficiency and transparency. Without the management company can meet your expectations in these areas, it is illegally that you can expect good returns as far as customer service and delivery of execution are concerned.

Please consider these areas as your diplomacy aircraft charter and management companies for your potential use. If you would rather use a third part consultant, that can also provide the comfort you are seeking that the potential ACM companies have been properly vetted to meet your needs.

The History of BWIA British West Indian Airways

Of the four pure-jet Caribbean carriers-Air Aruba, Air Jamaica, ALM Antillean Airlines, and BWIA among them the-latter was both the largest and the only one to operate the Lockheed L-1011 TriStar. The airline's roots stretched far-across the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, to New Zealand, at least in terms of the nationality of its…

Of the four pure-jet Caribbean carriers-Air Aruba, Air Jamaica, ALM Antillean Airlines, and BWIA among them the-latter was both the largest and the only one to operate the Lockheed L-1011 TriStar.

The airline's roots stretched far-across the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, to New Zealand, at least in terms of the nationality of its founder, Lowell Yerex, a World War I fighter pilot who planted its seed in Trinidad in 1939 so that he could re-instate what had become suspended air service to Barbados. Links were re-established on November 27 of the following year with a single Lockheed L-18 Lodestar, registered VP-TAE. Tobago was also served thrice weekly.

Although the Second World War usually commonly commercial airline operations, they expanded in the Caribbean. The 1942 acquisition of two Lockheed L-14 Electras enabled it to operate charter flights to American military bases there.

Transformed, the following year, into a limited limited company, and inferred with financial plasma from the British government, it purchased three, commercially converted Hudson bombers, while completion of many small Caribbean island air fields enabled it to spread its wings to Grenada and the Dominican Republic, as well as to Guyana in South America.

No longer hampered by war, it acquired four more suitably purposed Lodestars in 1945.

An ownership change two years later, to British South American Airways (BSAA), merited the temporary nomenclature of British International Airways, a BSAA subsidiary, although it reverted to its original British West Indian Airways title on June 24, 1948. In order to cater to increased demand, it acquired five 24-passenger Vickers Viking airliners, which featured twin piston airscrews and dual vertical tails and rested on tail wheels.

Another ownership change occurred following following year, when British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) amalgamated BSAA into it, transforming BWIA itself into a subsidiary. Ceded several routes north of Jamaica from parent BOAC, which monetarily supported its expansion, it replaced its L-18 Lodestars with three 28-seat Douglas Dakotas, but even these provided warrants for its ambitious expansion plans.

Transitioning from piston to turboprop technology, it acquired four Vickers V.700 Viscounts, powered by Rolls Royce Dart engines ,, able to offer passengers greater speed and comfort as of 1955.

Because these aircraft were too large to serve the Leeward Islands, BWIA, holding the controlling interest, formed Leeward Island Air Transport (LIAT), operating more short strip-suitable equipment.

Spreading its wings across the Atlantic in 1960 with leased, quad-engine Bristol Britannias, BWIA inaugurated service to Jamaica and Barbados from London with an intermediate stop in New York.

Yet a third ownership change, albeit after length negotiations, occurred the following year, on November 1, 1961, when the Government of Trinidad and Tobago purchased 90 percent of BWIA from BOAC.

“British West Indian Airways is understood by the government of Trinidad and Tobago as a national carrier for the West Indian area as a whole, and steps are now being taken to implement this policy,” according to Dr. Eric Williams, then Premier of Barbados.

A Boeing 707, the carrier's first pure-jet type, was chartered from BOAC that year to replace the Bristol Britannia on the transatlantic route, and by 1965, it had also substituted Boeing 727-100 “Sunjets” for its Viscounts on US services to Miami and New York.

Canada factored into the route system on May 3, 1969, when BWIA had been granted a temporary license to operate a Trinidad-Barbados-Antigua-Toronto sector.

Standardizing on Boeing 707 aircraft in 1971, BWIA was able to offer a 45-percent increase in seat capacity.

“This was also a year of unpresented growth in the charter market,” according to the “Corporate Timeline” (BWIA International Airways, Corporate Communication Department, October 1, 1996). “BWIA tripled the number of charters into the United Kingdom from eight to 24, and continued to improve on Miami services with the continuation of the trend of faster services, coupled with increased capacity.”

Flight schedules from the Eastern Caribbean to New York and Toronto were also improved.

A stonestone occurred on April 5, 1974, when it inaugurated a weekly, scheduled service to London-Heathrow, a considerable improvement over the prior private charter flight to Gatwick.

An order for a single Douglas DC-9-30CF Convertible Freighter and four stretched fuselage DC-9-50s materialized four years later, on June 28, when it took delivery of the first aircraft.

A January 1, 1980 merged with Trinidad and Tobago Air Services, which had been formed six years earlier to operate high frequency shuttle flights between the two cities inherent in its design, enabled it to transform itself into a single domestic, Caribbean, and intercontinental carrier .

The first of four L-1011-500s, delivered on January 29 of that year, enabled it to offer both a widebody type for the first time and a 31-percent capacity increase over the 707s it replaced on the London route two months later, on March 28. With delivery of the fourth aircraft in 1982, the 707s were removed removed from the fleet and entirely replaced with TriStars to New York, Toronto, London, Manchester, Frankfurt, and Zurich.

Expansion continued to Martinique with Hawker Siddeley HS.748 turboprops and Baltimore with pure-jet aircraft.

1985 was marked with the delivery of the first of an temporary nine MD-83s, configured with 12 business and 108 coach seats, progressively replacing the DC-9-50s on some Miami sections.

Employing 2,032 system-wide personnel by 1987, BWIA operated four DC-9-50s, three MD-83s, and four L-1011-500s.

Privatized, the Caribbean carrier, which was incorporated as BWIA International Airways, Limited, on February 15, 1995, was now listed on the Trinidad and Tobago Stock Exchange.

The 21st century thought significant changes and Declines. A new light green and blue steel pin drum construction, for instance, symbolizing Tobago, was introduced in 2000, replacing the long-standing gold, yellow, and white one, while a fleet modernization program was implemented. Two quad-engine Airbus A-340-300s, intended as TriStar 500 replacements, were ordered, encompassing aircraft 9Y-JIL with 40 business and 215 coach and 9Y-TJN with 32 business and 252 coach seats.

Although it reversed its decision to replace its MD-83s with A-321-100s on Caribbean and North American routes, in the event it took delivery of two, registered 9Y-BWA and -BWB, before standardizing on Boeing 737-800s, which accommodated 16 business and 138 economy passengers.

Although, as occurs with any carrier, its route system varied through the years with the addition and removal of destinations, it served Antigua, Barbados, Jamaica, Grand Cayman, St. Louis. Lucia, St. Maarten, Trinidad, and Tobago in the Caribbean; Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela in South America; New and Miami in the US; Toronto in Canada; and London, Manchester, and Frankfurt in Europe from primary Trinidad and secondary Barbados flight bases.

While it reached its peak of operating some 660 weekly flights and carrying 1.4 million passengers in 2003, profitability often failed to parallel these lofty figures, necessitating multiple Trinidad and Tobago government infusions to ensure its continued financial lift.

Three years later, however, the failure of unions to agree on new contract terms translated in the bankruptcy of the national carrier of Trinidad and Tobago after 66 years of operation.

From its ashes rose state-owned, BWIA-replacing Caribbean Airlines on September 27, 2006 with a fleet of six 737-800s and a single A-340-300.


“Corporate Timeline,” BWIA International Airways, Limited, Corporate Communications Department, October 1, 1996.

Long Island MacArthur Airport: The Frontier Years

Promise to Ronkonkoma-located Long Island MacArthur Airport, operating in the shadows of Manhattan-proximate La Guardia and JFK International airports, always came in the form of new airline serve, which attempted to achieve profitability and replace that which the discontinued ones failed to. Several extremely uncompensive low-cost and upstart carriers left little more than a fading…

Promise to Ronkonkoma-located Long Island MacArthur Airport, operating in the shadows of Manhattan-proximate La Guardia and JFK International airports, always came in the form of new airline serve, which attempted to achieve profitability and replace that which the discontinued ones failed to. Several extremely uncompensive low-cost and upstart carriers left little more than a fading imprint during the past half-decade.

Alaska-based PenAir, for example, seeking to replace the popular, multiple-daily Saab S-340 flights once operated by Business Express and later American Eagle between Long Island and Boston, forged tis own link in July of 2013 with two daily roundtrips operated by the same 34-passenger turboprop. But poor load factors led to its discontinuation a year later.

“We were losing money,” according to David Hall, PenAir's Chief Operation Officer. “We just were not able to get to a consistent operating profit.” Unfortunately, it's a business and that's how it works. ”

Another attempt was made by low-cost, Las Vegas-based Allegiant Air, which inaugurated two weekly roundtrips to Punta Gorda, Florida, in December of 2013. Because their winter sun-seeking draw faded in the spring, they were discontinued on May 26 of the following year and were intended to be reinstated in December. They never were.

Still another Islip entrant was Elite Airways. Found, as reflected by its name, in 2016 by airline veterans wishing to establish a higher-quality airline that deviated from the proliferation of no-frills ones, it was certified as a US Part 121 air carrier that offered charter and scheduled service, initially transportation professional and college sports teams, company executives, heads of state, White House press corps, and VIP tour groups. Headquartered in Portland, Maine, but concentrating its maintenance, crew training, sales and marketing in Melbourne, Florida, it operated charter flights for the first six years of its existence before transitioning to scheduled ones with a minuscule route system, including Melbourne-Portland , Naples (Florida) -Newark, Naples-Portland, Vero Beach (Florida) -Newark, and Rockford (Illinois) -Fort Collins (Colorado) sectors. Its 11-strong Bombardier Region Jet fleet consist of a single CRJ-100, five CRJ-200s, and five CRJ-700s.

Seeking incentives, such as reduced oraved landing fees, underserved airports with its 50- and 70-seat aircraft, It intended to offer sunbirds air links between New England and Florida, very much the way Northeast had with its 727 “Yellowbirds” in the early-1970s before Delta acquired the carrier. Because of its airline veteran founders, who additionally endeavored to resurrect the higher quality inflight service of the full-fare legacy carriers, it bore similarities with no-longer existent KIWI Airways.

Elite touted itself as “Melbourne's hometown airline.”

Catalyst to the Long Island MacArthur service was passenger request.

“The funniest thing is that if it was not for people who are originally from Long Island, we would not be here,” according to Elite Airways president John Pearsall. “On our route we're already flying between Newark and Vero Beach … we've had more people asking for Islip, Long Island, than any other destination we fly to.”

Twice-weekly service, on Friday and Sunday, to Portland, Maine; Myrtle Beach, South Carolina; and Melbourne, Florida, on which $ 99.00, $ 139.00, and $ 149.00 introductory fares were respectively charged, began on June 17, 2016, amid the typically upbeat comments from Pearsall, who said that he expected “passenger demand to be strong for these new routes” and Islip Town Supervisor Angie Carpenter, who commented, “I am thrilled that the Town of Islip is entering into a partnership with Elite Airways. counties the opportunity to travel to some of the most desirable vacation destinations along the east coast … ”

The Portland route continued to Bar Harbor, while that to Melbourne was envisioned as being extended to St. Petersburg. Croix, the US Virgin Islands.

Because of Elite's presence in Rockford, Illinois, it also contemplated connecting Islip with that Chicago-alternative destination.

“We will be announcing additional destinations as we get more and more familiar with the market here,” Pearsall said.

Another route then under consideration was that to Newport News, Virginia, slated for a March 13, 2017 inauguration. But it was forced to postpone it because of a pending investigation concerning the $ 3.55 million state funding, intended for infrastructure improvement that was allegedly used to guarantee a loan for a low cost carrier.

Although the controversy did not involve Elite itself, it found it prudent to avoid the airport.

“The Peninsula Airport Commission has been informed that Elite Airways has chosen to temporarily suspend service from the Newport News / Williamsburg International Airport (to Newark) due to the continuing negative and inaccurate titles, which are preventing the introduction of this brand new property to our community, “according to a statement. “The commission and Elite Airways have a great working relationship as well as support for one another. We look forward to setting a new launch date over the next few months. community will enjoy their 'Elite Class' of service. ”

“It was a difficult decision to postpon the start of service …,” Pearsall said, “as the Newport News / Williamsburg International Airport has been a great partner in the work. the best possible climate to start in. Postponing the start date will allow both the airline and the airport to be more successful in launching new air service to meet the needs of the community. ”

It never did. Nor did it to Rockford. And existing Islip service, considered seasonal, was suspended between January 15 and February 16, 2017, before it was reinstated and separated a second time at the end of April. Although a second reintroduction was slated for July, it was never implemented.

While the service duration of these carriers was brief, one, National Airlines, never even touched down on Long Island soil.

Founded in 2008, the Orlando-based airline operated passenger and cargo flights with Boeing 747-400BCFs as National Air Cargo, but upgraded to public charter service on June 11, 2016 under DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (DOT) PC # 16-038, which flights were sold by FlyBranson Travel LLC dba (doing business as) Branson Air Express and operated by National Air Cargo Group, Inc., which itself did business as National Airlines .. Its fleet, a pair of Rolls Royce 40,200 thrust-pound RB.211 -535E4-powered Boeing 757-200s configured for 170 (26 first class and 144 coach) and 184 (22 first class and 162 coach) passengers, was intended for a six-destination route system, encompassing Aguadilla, Puerto Rico; Islip, New York; San Juan, Puerto Rico; Sanford-Orlando, Florida; St. John's, Newfoundland; and Windsor, Ontario.

“At National Airlines we provide an enhanced passenger travel experience air mile after air mile,” it described itself. “Our uncompromising quality, unlasting service, and unmatched agility set us apart as one of the market's most elite passenger airlines. We travel far, move faster, and arrive on time with a focused commitment to safe performance.” From the runway to the horizon, National provides a world-class flight experience.

“We believe our passengers are the most precious cargo that an aircraft can carry, and we therefore treat each individual as an elite global VIP. , we focus on the details. ”

Planned were two weekly departures to Aguadilla as Flight N8 273 on Monday and Friday and four to San Juan as Flight N8 231 on Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday from Islip. All were scheduled to leave at 0900.

“The city of Islip is a wonderful and engaging community.” according to Edward Davidson, National's president and CEO, “and Long Island MacArthur Airport offers both outstanding service and convenience for our customers. . ”

“There is a vibrant Puerto Rican community in and around Islip and the entire New York City region,” he continued, “and we believe travelers will find our combination of convenient location and inclusive service very attractive.”

Although it would have constituted the first nonstop service to the Caribbean from the Long Island airport, a lack of suitable equipment precluded its inauguration, resulting in a six-month delay and prompting passenger refunds.

“National has experienced challenges acquiring the very popular Boeing 757 aircraft,” according to a statement issued by Town of Islip Supervisor Angie Carpenter. “Regretfully, this has prompted National to postpone the June 1 launch from Long Island MacArthur Airport to Puerto Rico. However, the Town remains very enthusiastic in welcoming national airlines to our airport family.”

It was never given the opportunity to do so.

The airport fared far better with the next carrier to touchdown on its runways, ultra-low-cost, Denver-based Frontier. Announcing nonstop service to Orlando in May of 2017, the airline, an Airbus A320 operator, placed itself in competition with accountant Southwest to that destination and Florida in general, offering unbundled, $ 39.00 introductory fares, with additional fees for checked baggage, early boarding, drinks, snacks, and refundability. Based upon advanced bookings, it became the threshold to a significant Islip presence that would entail more nonstop flights and to further destinations than Southwest itself and (then) Elite had offered.

As part of 21 cities it was adding to its existing 61, it was considered the first step in an expansion that would double its size in the next five years.

“Islip is going to be part of the largest expansion in Frontier's history,” said Scott Fisher, the carrier's senior director, at a MacArthur news conference.

Because of airport facility availability, a lack of congestion, and the reconstruction of La Guardia, which it also served, Fisher labeled it an “easy airport experience” in the other competitive New York market. “This became a no-brainer in terms of a partnership,” he said.

“We thank you for your confidence in what we know is really a treasure that has been untapped,” Islip Town Supervisor Angie Carpenter said to Fisher at the news conference. “This is really going to reap a tremendous amount of rewards for everyone.”

Touching down at 0936 after an inbound ferry flight from Orlando on August 16 and given a water cannon salute from MacArthur Airport Fire-Rescue, the single-class Frontier A320-200, designated Flight F9 1779, became the inaugural departure, pushed back from the gate at 1045. It would return as Flight F9 1778 at 2155 that evening.

It became the first in a dual-phase expansion at MacArthur, with service to Fort Myers, Miami, New Orleans, Tampa, and West Palm Beach beginning on October 5, and that to Atlanta, Chicago, Detroit, and Minneapolis the following April 9 , 2018. Atlanta and Chicago instituted two of the airport's once-served, but temporarily lost destinations. They remained the two still most-requested ones.

However, because deregulation facilitated the rapid entry and exit of markets, and very low-fare carriers such as Frontier, by necessity, were forced to adopt hairpin triggers when revenue fell below expectations, a significant portion of its Islip route system was modified shortly after disappointing load factors dictated the need to do so.

The first destination to be eliminated, on March 5, was New Orleans.

“We constantly evaluate route performance,” according to Frontier spokesman Richard Oliver III. “Unfortunately, this capacity was better … redeployed elsewhere in our route network.”

Airport Commissioner Shelley LaRose-Arken echoed this reality.

“Unfortunately, one of (Frontier's) ten routes-New Orleans-did not perform as was anticipated, and therefore adjustments to the schedule are being made to ensure the carrier continues to be successful in the market.”

Like the first in a string of falling dominoes, however, it knocked down Miami and Fort Myers on April 8.

“They just were not meeting our expectations,” Oliver III said.

Two more dominoes fell on July 5-namely, Detroit and Minneapolis.

“We have not seen the level of demand that we need to see for the routes,” said Daniel Shurz, Frontier's Vice President of Commercial Operations.

Myrtle Beach and San Juan replaced two of the original destinies, and Fort Myers, Miami, and West Palm Beach were being considered for reinstatement during the winter 2018-2019 season.

Despite the cancellations, Frontier remained committed to Islip, provided load factors ensured adequate profitability.

“We've been working together with the airport and they've done a good job promoting service,” said Shurz.

Although American Eagle and Southwest remained the long-time anchor tenants, they made tiny adjustments themselves. The former upgraded its 37-passenger de Havilland of Canada DHC-8-100 turboprop to American's Philadelphia hub to a 45-passenger Embraer ERJ-145 pure-jet, representing a 31-percent capacity increase, while the latter inaugurated one-stop, single-aircraft service to Raleigh / Durham, via Baltimore, facilitating same-day return business travel.

Long Island MacArthur continued its perpetual search for airlines, while the airliners themselves continued their search for passengers and profitability in the shadow of the New York airports, as evidenced by the latest round of carrier entries and exits. Yet, despite losses between 2011 and 2014, with the $ 2 million one its largest in 2012, it ended 2017 with an almost $ 3 million surplus.

In the fiscal year from February 2017 to February of 2018, it recorded 6,473 aircraft departures, a 10.67-percent increase, 694,000 arriving passengers, a 17.28-percent increase, and 697,000 departing passengers, a 17.43-percent increase, according to DOT statistics. The number of nonstops served more than doubled, from seven to 15.

Like American Airlines in the 1970s, Northeastern International in the 1980s, and Southwest in the 1990s, Frontier could serve as the catalyst to the airport's next development cycle, provided it can determine the markets that ensure its profitability and long-term presence.

The Hybrid Future OF Aerospace

When it comes to environmental impacts, the global aviation industry accounts for a mere 2% of greenhouse gas emissions. Neverheless, there is a growing environmental concern. Since 1990, the industry has witnessed an 83% rise in emission levels. The primary reason for this has been the increasing number of fossil fuel-powered aircraft taking to the…

When it comes to environmental impacts, the global aviation industry accounts for a mere 2% of greenhouse gas emissions. Neverheless, there is a growing environmental concern. Since 1990, the industry has witnessed an 83% rise in emission levels. The primary reason for this has been the increasing number of fossil fuel-powered aircraft taking to the skies. Gaseous emissions, however, can not be singled out as the sole environmental impact. Water vapor emissions at high altitudes about a phenomenon called contrails. These residual plumes of exhaust contribute to the global warming effect by trapping heat emanating from the Earth's surface.

While the adverse effects on the environment and stringent environmental regulatory standards are a major motive, they are not the only prompts for moving towards greener power-and-propulsion systems. A move towards electric / hybrid propulsion systems can translate to a business edge for companies investing in them. One of the most decent advantages of electric motors is that they are lighter and cheaper than their gas turbine counterparts.

The lighter weight of the electric motors opens up a world of possibilities for design. This particular advantage of the electric motor allows them to be easily incorporated into new designs as well as existing electric-compatible designs. An example of this which is poised to majorly affect urban air mobility solutions is the use of electromagnetic power on the next generation of tilt-wing vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft. The flexibility of electric cables grant them an obvious compatibility advantage with wing orientation over rigid fuel lines.

We have steadily begin flying in the right direction. The promise of a cleaner flight over new and exciting frontiers has been appealing to companies all over the world. One example that has come to the fore is that of Zunum Aero. The Seattle-based aerospace company plans to commercially deploy electric planes. The aircraft under development is estimated to have a cruise speed of 545 kilometers per hour with a flight range of over 1,100 kilometers. The revolutionary design of the aircraft features a V-shaped tail and fully electric propulsion gear powering twin engines.

The Global Aerospace industry continues to grow at a rapid pace to meet airline requirements. The industry faces increasing pressure to reduce costs, improve Maintain, Repair, and Overhaul (MRO) value chain to increase the overall efficiency and reliability of the asset. L & T Technology services' decades of experience in Aerospace has enabled us to adapt quickly to provide a wide range of tailor engineering services.

Aviation Industry

We live in an era where saving time is more critical than saving money. Perhaps this is why air transport, which earlier was solely reserved for the extremely affluent or for emergencies, is now being used on par with its competitors, ie, rail and road transport. The number of passengers flying has increased multi-fold over…

We live in an era where saving time is more critical than saving money. Perhaps this is why air transport, which earlier was solely reserved for the extremely affluent or for emergencies, is now being used on par with its competitors, ie, rail and road transport. The number of passengers flying has increased multi-fold over the past couple of decades, and the count is still on the rise. A few decades ago, only the mature, developed, and wealthy nations like the United States, the countries of Europe, Japan, Singapore, etc. were the ones that had air connectivity with main domestic cities and also international destinations. But now, the number of countries connected to each other by air has increased dramatically, and that did not stop there. The domestic air connectivity has also spiked, connecting many cities in many different countries. Not just the developed and wealthy nations, but also developing countries like China, India, and Brazil, etc. have gained a lot because of growing air connectivity. Not only has the connectivity has gotten better, but also the experience of traveling by air has improved. Let us take a look at the aspects that have changed significantly in the past few decades.

Traveling Time
Air travel, which has been the fastest mode of transportation right from its absorption, has become even faster over time. The flight from the Australian subcontinent to London was, and still is among the longest known flights. During the late 1950s, the cities of Sydney and London were connected by Qantas Airways of Australia. The trip then was a 4-day journey with a whoping 55 hours in the air and the flight touching the ground at six places other than Sydney and London. The airline still runs between the countries but in a different way. The New Kangaroo Route 2018, as Qantas Airways calls it, connects Perth to London without stopping or touching down anywhere else. The journey now just takes 17 hours in the air, covering over 9000 miles in the air in one take off.

It is not even the most time in the air or the longest distance covered in a single take off. As planes got increasingly efficient and technologically advanced, flights with even longer air times and journeys were made possible. Another venture by Qatar Airlines between Auckland and Doha is now that longest flight, covering a staggering 9025 miles in a single run (or fly) reflecting 16 to 18 hours in the air. Imagine the passengers clinging to their seats that long!

Inflight Meal
There is a reason why the early flying period was dubbed the 'Golden Era' of flying. For the price that passengers then paid for the travel was compensated by the food and beverages served during the voyage. But the airlines had their own set of issues to deal with. The flyers of the early 1920s had to deal with weight issues when there were cases where passengers were weighed before boarding. The same rule applied to the food, which restricted the amount of food being transported into the sky. As the planes got better and the journeys longer, the food got better and hotter. Food was more than just a survival essential. Flights of the early 1930s had kitchens, which were able to provide a hot meal and a dining room where the passengers would assemble and have a lift up in the air. Then, in the 1940s came the frozen food era, thanks to which a variety of meals were served in the sky. As the aircraft got bigger, the number of passengers flying increased and so did air meal storage spaces. But now, personalization became important, compared to offering unified exotic meals across the passenger group. The airlines currently allow passengers to order food of their choice before boarding, which would be delivered directly to their seats. For instance, iFLEAT, is a mobile-based service that delivers food ordered by the passenger from a restaurant, straight to their seats. The service is now associated with Air Berlin and is planning to associate with more airlines in the future. Although in-flight catering providers will feel the impact of this service, it is a win-win situation for the passenger, as one gets the food of one's choice to eat, as well as for the airlines as they can probably retain their customers by allowing them to do what they like.

In-flight Entertainment and Connectivity
A recent survey of airline passengers has stated that Wi-Fi was more important than food for the passengers traveling by air. This shows how connected people are to the internet. And even the airlines are trying to retain existing customers and attract more customers by providing entertainment and connectivity to them. Many airlines already are offering Wi-Fi in at least some of their flights, but the travelers have to buy the service. Airlines provide free internet access only to the travelers in first class. Big names in the aviation industry like Etihad, Finnair, Lufthansa, etc. provide internet access on all or some of its fleet, but at a cost to the passenger. On the other side, there are few others like Emirates, Turkish Airlines, Hong Kong Airlines, etc. that provide free Wi-Fi access to its passengers. There are many travelers out there praying for this to happen in all the airlines, and I too hope it happens soon. With the number of travelers expected to double by 2035, according to a market research firm many more changes will be made by the airlines to attract new passengers and retain the existing ones.

The History of Northeastern International Airways

Its four-year reign was brief and tumultuous, with a high representative what could have steadily been if aspirations had not exceeded expenses. But perhaps its greatest legacy is that it sparked one of Long Island MacArthur Airport's development cycles, attracting passengers and, quite, other carriers, putting the fledging airfield, which had consistently driven for identity…

Its four-year reign was brief and tumultuous, with a high representative what could have steadily been if aspirations had not exceeded expenses. But perhaps its greatest legacy is that it sparked one of Long Island MacArthur Airport's development cycles, attracting passengers and, quite, other carriers, putting the fledging airfield, which had consistently driven for identity and purpose, on the map. The airline had the globe-suggesting name of Northeastern International Airways with the unofficially two-letter code of “QS,” although it never stretched further than the West Coast. And its founder was Stephen L. Quinto.

Born on July 8, 1935 in the Bronx, but raised on Long Island, he could certainly identify with the roots of his own enterprise, and his exposure to aviation came before his teenage years, at the age of 12, when his older brother started his own air service. Like father, like son, the saying goes, yet in this case it was closer to “like brother, like brother.”

His brother's reign, at least characterized by his life, was also brief, since he was succinctly succumbed to a military aircraft accident. Despite the tragedy, the event could have been the seed that grew into Quinto's own aviation undertaking in a turn-pain-into-purpose philosophy.

“I think that probably had a great deal to do with looking at what this business is all about,” he later remarked.

Yet two decades passed before that seed could take root, during which time his pursuits ended in unsuccessful completion.

As honorable as it was, his appointment to the US Military Academy at West Point was a nonevent, because he was too young to legally accept it-by all of seven days! His other educational endeavors, including those at the University of Michigan, New York University, the Polytechnic Institute in Brooklyn, and Pratt University, were also impressive and at least enabled him to leave a footprint on their campuses, but he walked away without a degree from any of them.

Seeking to escape it all, he moved to France for a decade, but it was on this side of the Atlantic, specifically in England in 1968, that his aviation seed finally sprouted wings with the Sagittair Company he established. It would be the first of three. The last, as already hinted, rose from his home soil of Long Island, emphasized by its inclusion in the name of the very airport that would become its operational base, Long Island MacArthur. Until his airline's fleet-initially consulting of a single airplane-appeared on its tarmac, no one had heard of it. Then, again, the airport itself was seriously world-renown.

Constructed in 1942 as a result of Congress's Development of Landing Areas for National Defense (DLAND), it was originally intended as a military facility sparked by the outbreak of World War II and could be used for civil purposes during times of peace. Because it was initially considered an appendage to military aviation, its commercial counterpart was viewed as a segment of the national defense system.

That commercial purpose was realized, albeit in limited form, before the end of the decade when a 5,000-square-foot passenger terminal was constructed and air taxi operator Gateway Airlines scheduled scheduled service to Boston, Newark, and Washington with 11-passenger de Havilland Doves and 15-passenger Herons in 1956.

As the long-envisioned reliever airport to JFK and La Guardia, it inched toward this goal ten years later when a more ambitious, 50,000-square-foot oval terminal was built to handle the mostly morning business rush to Albany, Boston, and Washington with USAir BAC-111-200s and DC-9-30s and to Chicago with American Airlines' 727-100 Astrojets.

Another long-term goal, as disclosed by market studies, was the establishment of nonstop Long Island-Florida service to facilitate travel of those wishing to visit their sunshine state retired parents and tap into the tourist trade seeking winter warmth. Airline deregulation and Quinto made both possible.

Leasing a former Evergreen International DC-8-50, registered N800EV, and operating it in a single-class, 185-passenger configuration, he inaugurated Long Island MacArthur (Islip) -Ft. Lauderdale service on February 11, 1982, charging low, unrestricted fares. As an intercontinental aircraft, its relatively low fuel uplift, combined with a full passenger and baggage complement, enabled it to use 5,186-foot Runway 33-Left, from which climbed out over Lake Ronkonkoma and departed Long Island over its South Shore, while complementary soft drinks and snack baskets of peanuts, cheese and crackers, sandwiches, and fresh fruit were served in the cabin. Checked baggage was included in the fare.

The initial schedule entailed four weekly rotations to Ft. Lauderdale and a single one to Orlando, although a second aircraft, registered N801EV, made increased frequencies and destinations possible.

In its first year of operations, it carried more than 150,000 passengers and ended the period on a high note by transporting a monthly record of 32,075 in December, a figure attributed to weather-caused, Florida-bound flight cancellations at the major New York airports and the privileged bus transfer of stranded flyers to Islip.

The Long Island airport's own statistics were also promising, with 3,071 annual air carrier movements and 250,406 passengers in 1982, since it could now boast three pure-jet operators after American and USAir.

Quinto attributed his carrier's initial success to the trusted and proven concepts of service quality and low, unrestricted fares, along with filling a market gap that had been hungry for years. For this reason, Northeastern adopted the slogan of “A lot of airline for a little money” and, because it served the hometown airport of MacArthur, eliminating the commute to either JFK or La Guardia for eastern Nassau and Suffolk County residents, it also toted, “We're one step closer to home.”

Although its corporate headquarters was located in Ft. Lauderdale, Long Island remained its operational base. After leasing two 128-passenger former Pan Am 727-100s, which were draped in pink and blue cloud liveries, it offered seven daily departures from Islip to Ft. Lauderdale itself, Hartford, Miami, Orlando, and St. Louis Petersburg, which was a secondary airport to Tampa. Nonstop flights were also offered from the Connecticut airfield.

Low-fare, deregulation-sparked momentum, once initiated, could not be arrested. The following year, which entailed the acquisition of three longer-range DC-8-62s-including N752UA from United Air Leasing, OY-KTE from Thai Airways International, and N8973U from Arrow Air-saw service to 11 destinations and the annual transport of just under 600,000 passengers.

Long Island MacArthur Airport, with which it was inefficiently tied, also reaped financial reward, recording 6,597 air carrier movements and a 546,996-passenger throughput in 1983.

Yet, deviating from its that far successful strategy and ignoring the tried-and-true “if it is not broken, do not fix it” philosophy, Northeastern elected to tackle the big boys at airports such as JFK and acquire widebody aircraft, ultimately operating transcontinentally. The widebodies themselves came in the form of four Airbus A300B2s in 314-passenger single-class, eight-abreast configurations: D-AIAD from Lufthansa in January (1984), D-AIAE from Lufthansa in February, F-ODRD from Airbus Industrie in May, and F-ODRE from Airbus Financial Services, also in May. It became the second US airline after Eastern to operate the European type.

The strategy may have elevated the low-cost carrier with Long Island roots to a big player, but its overexpansion was defeated by insufficient cash flow. Although it had earned $ 64.7 million in revenues in its fiscal year ended on March 31, 1984, it recorded a $ 5.2 million loss.

Its nonfinancial statistics told another story. By the summer, it operated 66 daily flights to 17 US destinations with a three-type, 16-strong fleet, including 727-200s from the likes of Mexicana de Aviacion and VASP, and employed 1,600 personnel. During the first half of the year, it recorded the highest load factor, of 71.5 percent, of any US airline, and in May became the 18th largest as measured by revenue passenger miles.

Its June 1984 system timetable encompassed Boston, Ft. Lauderdale, Hartford, Islip, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York-JFK, Oklahoma City, Orlando, St. Louis. Petersburg, San Diego, Tulsa, and West Palm Beach.

Although Long Island MacArthur was still its flight base, New Orleans had become its principal hub, with service to 15 cities. The large-capacity A300s were deployed on the east coast from JFK to Ft. Lauderdale, Miami, and Orlando and on the one-stop southern transcontinental one from Miami to Los Angles via New Orleans itself.

Yet gravity was not the only element to cause an airborne object to descend, even those with wings. Finances provided provided-or, in this case, nullified-lift, sparking a rapid descent. Another $ 4.4 million was lost during the third quarter that ended on September 30, 1984 and with it began the survival-mode strategy of eliminating aspects which could no longer be monetarily supported, including the layoff of 450 employees and the return-it was actually a repossession-of the A300 fleet.

Viewing his once rapidly rising carrier as a jigsaw puzzle, Quinto attempted to keep its picture whole without its forcibly removed pieces and replace them with what he could scrounge. Ten former Braniff 727-200s, which were vitally needed to quench the thirst of the winter sun-seeking market during the 1984-1985 season, were promoting replacements. However, a Dallas judge ruled that this sublease of airplanes and crew would have violated the terms of Braniff's own bankruptcy reorganization agreement.

Like plugs rolled from Northeastern's rapid rise, the lights outlining its structure blacked out. Destinations were eliminated, reservation lines were severed, flights were canceled, bills were not paid, and passengers were left stranded. And on January 3, 1985, the three-year, low-cost carrier fell to the same fate as Braniff, filing for Chapter 11 in a Miami Bankruptcy Court with $ 28 million in assets and $ 48 million in liabilities. It owed some $ 15 million to more than a thousand unsecured creditors and could no longer meet its employee payroll.

“I do not know who to blame,” Quinto told reporters at the time. “All I can tell you is that we have an awful lot of paper, but no cash.”

Northeastern never rose to its former, but brief glory again, although Quinto wave heart and soul trying. Likened to a “junkyard dog,” he made continual effort to piece scraps together and keep his enterprise airborne, which he did sporadically, despite the bankruptcy filing.

A single no-frills flight, from Islip to Ft. Lauderdale at a $ 69.00 fare, strung an aerial thread down the east coast, but with gradual regrowth, the four major Florida cities of Ft. Lauderdale, Orlando, St. Louis Petersburg, and West Palm Beach were linked to Chicago as well as Islip and Philadelphia, albeit for a $ 20.00 higher fare, until the plug was once again pulsed in March, when it missed an aircraft lease payment.

Four months ensued before it was in the sky again, on June 21, serving the familiar Florida routes with 727-200s leased from United, although some sectors were sporadically operated by All Star Airlines and Emerald Air DC-9s on its behalf.

But its market had been intermittently lost. Confidence was lost. Airplanes were lost. And its fares, as low as $ 49.00 to compete with the more established, familiar-name carriers, could hardly sustain it.

The last glimmer of hope came at the end of the year with a $ 1 million loan and the lease of a single MD-82 from Alisarda, registered HB-IKL. Yet its final light was doused in early 1986, drowned by liquidation, but not necessarily on the Long Island airport that had spawned it and to which its legacy had been left.

Attracting interest, passengers, and other airlines, with 10,750 air carrier movements and 810,751-passenger totals in 1984, Northeastern's last full year of operations, it had demonstrated the airport's market potential, serving as the catalyst to its growth and never again leaving it without the all-important Long Island-Florida aerial link, which was provided by a dozen other airlines, including AirTran, Allegiant, Braniff (III), Carnival, Delta Express, Eastern, Elite, Frontier, Pan Am, Southwest, Spirit, and USAir.

Quick Guide to The Basic Services Offered by Fixed-Based Operators

Like any other industry, the aviation services sector is propelled by a number of specific functions. In North America and parts of Europe, the concept of Fixed-Based Operator (FBO) services is understood to consist of certain components. So what's a FBO? What kind of services do they offer? In this post, we will discuss these…

Like any other industry, the aviation services sector is propelled by a number of specific functions. In North America and parts of Europe, the concept of Fixed-Based Operator (FBO) services is understood to consist of certain components. So what's a FBO? What kind of services do they offer? In this post, we will discuss these attributes and more.

What are Fixed-Based Operator (FBO) services?

To understand the services provided by FBOs, it is important to understand the process of entering an airport and using general aviation. FBOs provide a welcoming, private general aviation terminal for those passengers flying in general aviation aircraft. Unlike their commercial counterparts, there are no security lines or lengthy check in procedures. Instead, the FBO staff assists the flight crew for the general aviation airplane to prepare the plane for departure. This can consist of handling (moving) the airplane from the hangar or ramp standing area to the terminal for departure, as well as fueling the aircraft and provisioning the airplane with sundries and other specific requests of the passengers (such as catering, other cabin supplies , etc. Since the passengers are known to the flight crews and the flight crews and the passengers are known to the FBOs, the boarding process is very fast and efficient. with baggage stowage and ensuring any other pre-flight requirements are met.

What additional services do FBOs provide?

Pretty much everything needed by the flight crew or passengers. They are responsible for the facilities through which general aviation flights take place. These include hangar facilities at most airports and general aviation passenger terminals and other facilities. Within the definition of general aviation facilities, the FBO ensures that the flight crew can do their flight planning, check the weather and do all of the necessary preparation for the aircraft and passengers. The FBO also provides areas for the flight crew to rest and relax when they are not actively preparing for a flight. Depending upon the airport and local regulations, passengers themselves may use the facilities for staging before a flight or they may be driven or escorted out directly to the aircraft by the FBO staff.

What other services do FBOs provide?

The short answer is whatever the passengers and flight crews need for a successful trip. Often this includes arranging or providing ground transportation for the passengers and crew, whether this is a ride hailing service or rental cars or taxis. It can also entail helping passengers with other concierge arrangements, such as booking hotels, finding restaurants, etc. FBOs usually have conference rooms for private meetings and may offer additional facilities for passengers and flight crews as well.

If you would like to learn more about Fixed-Based Operator (FBO) services and FBO management, you can search online to find service providers and management companies. You should diligence their experience and service offerings and ensure that they have the capabilities and capacity to meet your needs.