For Aviation Buffs Only – Learn How to Fly

If you're a fan of flying, then it's no wonder that you would try to collect and read everything that you can put your hands on regarding aviation. You probably even have loads of aviation shirts in your closet. That's perfectly fine, because after all, flying is always fascinating no matter how many times you've…

If you're a fan of flying, then it's no wonder that you would try to collect and read everything that you can put your hands on regarding aviation. You probably even have loads of aviation shirts in your closet. That's perfectly fine, because after all, flying is always fascinating no matter how many times you've seen an airplane fly or have a ridden in one.

And you've probably considered flying an airplane yourself. As a licensed pilot, you will be able to fly your own airplane and you could travel almost anywhere in the world with just you and your plane. But before anything else, you need to enroll at an aviation school first. Below are some tips that will help you reach your ultimate goal – flying a plane.

First of all, determine how much you're willing to spend on learning how to fly. The reason for this is that the money that you allocate will ultimately determine how long you can learn how to fly, your choice of instructor and planes.

Another thing is that you have to try to find out what kind of flying you want to do. Do you want to be a private pilot, a recreational one? The type of flying you want to do will also determine the number of hours you need to invest in learning how to fly an aircraft as well as the type of certificate you'll receive.

Once you have answered those important questions, you can now look for a flight school. If you live in North America, you'll most likely find several flight schools within your area. Not sure about it? There are ways to go about it. You can check your local yellow pages, or you could also use online resources. There are tons of websites out there that help you quickly search for a flight school in your area.

Depending on the flight school you're enrolled in, you can choose the plane that you wish to fly and the instructor who will teach you. Choosing a particular plane to fly is good if you already have an airplane, or if you wish to focus on flying a particular type of plane. Choosing an instructor is also helpful if you're after a special teaching style or wish to work with someone you're comfortable with.

Also remember to get yourself a student pilot certificate. Learning how to fly is a lot like driving, and because of that, you need a student permit before you can even take off on your first flight. So get yourself one before enrollment. You could also consult your flight instructor on how to go about getting one.

All in all, learning how to fly is the best decision you will ever make if you are really into aviation. Doing so takes you to another level that's literal higher than just collecting aviation t-shirts and model airplanes. For most people who learn how to fly, it's the realization of a longtime dream. You, too, can achieve that as well.

Cheap Flights – How to Find Them

Those who would like to travel and save as much money as they can when traveling would opt to obtain cheap flights available. If you are wondering where to get cheap airline tickets to wherever you are traveling to you should consider searching for options online because you may just get cheaper airfare from these…

Those who would like to travel and save as much money as they can when traveling would opt to obtain cheap flights available. If you are wondering where to get cheap airline tickets to wherever you are traveling to you should consider searching for options online because you may just get cheaper airfare from these online providers.

Getting cheap flight tickets online will allow you not only to save money from additional fees for paper processing but it will also save you time from looking elsewhere. Just imagine being able to get access to various options what at a time in a single click of your mouse, is not that convenient at all?

Now, if you consider to book cheap flights online you will be able to compare the best airfare available for you to take advantage of. Try to do some research on the route available and then seek for affordable rates available for that particular route. From here you will be able to choose which fight will best suit you and your budget.

In booking for your travel you should as well consider possible exemptions like for instance if you are traveling together with a 2-year old child, the child would then be able to travel with you for free. You have to consider that because, if you will be buying a separate seat for a qualified child, that would definitely cost you more.

Finding cheap flight tickets also depends on when you will be booking a travel period. If you will be traveling on off-season periods then you can definitely save more money in doing so. So before booking a flight you may want to ask the ticket provider if they have certain discounts for these periods and you may take advantage of it for a cheaper traveling option.

It is very important that you do a lot of research to find the best cheaper deals when it comes to getting cheap airline tickets. It is obvious that you will need to decide on this but do not leave the option of having to compare several ticket providers just so you can get a more affordable travel deal that suits your traveling budget.

Considerations Regarding Helicopter Fire Fighting

Helicopters may not look as innovative as compared to other aircraft such as shuttles and jets but for fire fighting purpose, they are the most efficient aerial way for rescue missions. Helicopter fire fighting is seen as the best way to fight against anyurgency in rescue missions. Whatever it is a government body, any other…

Helicopters may not look as innovative as compared to other aircraft such as shuttles and jets but for fire fighting purpose, they are the most efficient aerial way for rescue missions. Helicopter fire fighting is seen as the best way to fight against anyurgency in rescue missions. Whatever it is a government body, any other administration or some military organization, helicopters play an integral part in all of these organizations.

Fire fighting in big areas such as terrorist attacks and forest fires are the important tasks a helicopter carrier out brilliantly. In such cases, destruction occurs at larger scales and without effective & quick disaster management techniques, the situation may get worsened.

One of the efficient ways used by chopper is proper use of water bucket to put off fire. A water bucket is a movable bucket-like structure that is hung below helicopter with cargo hooks. Once emptied, this bucket can be refilled from near lake or pond and used again and again. This technique cats brilliantly in times of crisis.

Some Helicopters also use the Bambi bucket which is a bit more advanced as compared to water bucket. Beside water, helicopters also use water enhancers and chemicals such as gels, foams and some formulated fire retardants. These chemicals are specifically made for fire fighting purposes. The foam which is added to these water buckets has concentration levels of 0.5% to 1.0% as per the requirement and need of the situation. Foam tanks need power pumps to operate, though they look like common water tanks.

Helicopter work best when use to survey an entire area & keeping keeping contact with ground personnel to carry out the fire fighting procedure in an outstanding and fruitful way.

A helicopter starts controlling fire at the heel and then continues along the sides ie towards that area where fire is heading. ' Heel 'stands for the starting point of fire from where fire had originated. A helicopter's pilot also takes into account the direction of the wind because it can cause a damaging effect to an enemy fire fighting procedure.

Aircraft Electric Motors

Aircraft DC motors DC electric motors are the inverse of the DC generator. They combine armature field windings and commutator / brushgear and are similarly self excited. The main elements of importance in relation to motors are the speed and torque characteristics, ie the variations of speed and torque with load respectively. Motors are categorized…

Aircraft DC motors

DC electric motors are the inverse of the DC generator. They combine armature field windings and commutator / brushgear and are similarly self excited. The main elements of importance in relation to motors are the speed and torque characteristics, ie the variations of speed and torque with load respectively. Motors are categorized by their field winding configuration (as for generators) and typical examples are series-wound electric motors, shunt-wound electric motors and compound-wound (a combination of series- and shunt-wound). Each of these types of motor offers different performance performance characteristics that may be matched to the application for which they are intended.

A specialized form of series motor is the split-field motor where two sets of series windings of opposite polarity are each used in series with the armature but parallel with each other.

Either one set of field windings or the other may receive power at any one time and therefore the motor may run bi-directionally depending upon which winding is energized. When used in conjunction with suitable switches or relays this type of motor is particularly useful for powering loads such as fuel system valves where there may be a requirement to change the position of various valves several times during flight. Limit switches at the end of the actuator travel prevent the motor / actuator from overrunning once the desired position has been reached. Split-field motors are commonly used for linear and rotary position actuators when used in conjunction with the necessary position feedback control. DC motors are most likely to be used for linear and rotary aerospace actuators, fuel valve actuation and starter functions.

Aircraft AC motors

Aircraft AC motors are most commonly the `induction motor 'type. Induction motors operate upon the principle that a rotating magnetic field is set up by the AC field current provided to two or more stator windings (usually three-phase). A simple rotor, sometimes called a `squirrel cage ', will rotate under the effects of this rotating magnetic field without the need for brushgear or slip rings; the motor is therefore simple in construction and reliable. The speed of rotation of induction motors depends upon the frequency of the applied voltage and the number of pairs of poles used. The advantage of the induction motor for airborne uses is that there is always a source of constant frequency AC power available and for constant rated applications it offers a very cost-effective solution. Single-phase induction motors also exist, however these require a second set of phase windings to be switched in during the start phase, as single phase windings can purely sustain and not start synchronous running.

AC motors are most likely to be used for continuous operation, ie those applications where motors are continuously operating during flight, such as fuel booster pumps, flight instrument gyroscopes and air-conditioning cooling fans.

Piper Cheyenne – The Largest Aircraft Built by Piper Aircraft Inc

Piper Aircraft Inc. is one of the well-known aircraft manufacturers to date. The company has been able to produce several models of single as well as twin engine aircraft. To be precise, they manufactured 160 models of aircraft, thereby releasing a total of 144,000 units. Of particular prowess is the Piper Cheyenne, which was first…

Piper Aircraft Inc. is one of the well-known aircraft manufacturers to date. The company has been able to produce several models of single as well as twin engine aircraft. To be precise, they manufactured 160 models of aircraft, thereby releasing a total of 144,000 units. Of particular prowess is the Piper Cheyenne, which was first introduced to the market in 1969.

The Piper Cheyenne, or PA-31 aircraft, was specifically noted for its turboprop design and corporate styling. It instantly became a hit in business circles, and served as one of the primary sources of private business travel for executives. The aircraft had the power and class to take passengers around in style and comfort, which certainly contributed to its popularity – even today.

Although the first prototype flew in 1969 as a turboprop version of the pressurized Navajo, the original Cheyenne was produced between 1974 and 1977. In 1978, the Cheyenne I was introduced to the market as a low cost turboprop model that catered to Piper loyalists who wanted to fly one, one way or another. The Cheyenne I was definitely the most affordable model ever produced in this line. The Cheyenne I was actually the first variant of the Piper Cheyenne, but it was much slower than the original Cheyenne, which later became known as the Piper Cheyenne II.

Other variations of the Piper Cheyenne include the Cheyenne III, Cheyenne IIIA and Cheyenne IV. There is also a Cheyenne IIXL, which is a stretched version of the Cheyenne II, and comes with two more feet of fuselage space. Therefore, passengers had a much more comfortable ride thanks to the additional room.

Today, the Cheyenne 400 is the largest aircraft built by Piper, and only 45 units of this model were manufactured. It went back into the factory short after initial release, and was reintroduced to the market in 1974. It lasts to sell well however is very hard to come by because such a small number was originally manufactured.

This 6 to 8 passenger turboprop aircraft has a very high resale value. If you happen to be looking for a Piper Cheyenne aircraft for your business and corporate flights, then you can definitely consider the Piper Cheyenne IV as your aircraft of choice. Not only is it powerful and sturdy, but also roomy, allowing you to have comfortable travel for the duration of your flight. It is quite an attractive turboprop aircraft that can easily be considered as part of the jet family introduced by Piper Aircraft Inc.

How Long Does it Take to Wash a Small Cessna Aircraft – Airplane Cleaning 101

Many people are still out of work, and the other day when I was in Wichita, KS I did note that the general aviation manufacturing capital of the world was hurting pretty bad still. When discussing this with a local at Starbucks there, he stated he'd been laid off for quite some time. It seems…

Many people are still out of work, and the other day when I was in Wichita, KS I did note that the general aviation manufacturing capital of the world was hurting pretty bad still. When discussing this with a local at Starbucks there, he stated he'd been laid off for quite some time. It seems that President Obama made some derogatory remarks about CEOs flying around corporate jets, and literally over night used corporate jet aircraft sales tanked even worse than before, and corporate jet orders just stopped like they hit a brick wall.

We got to talking, mostly hangar talk, airplanes and flying stories, he said he'd like to start an aviation type business but did not know what he should do. Since, I'd previously built up a rather nice aircraft cleaning business, he asked; “How Long Does it Take to Wash a Small Cessna Aircraft, or similar plane?”

Good question and my answer was this. For exterior washing, one person with a 5.0 hp pressure washer can clean, remove bugs, clean windscreen, and degrease the belly of a C-152 in about 15-20 minutes if it is washed weekly. A Corvalis a few minutes faster since it is a low wing, but not much faster because it is a four-seater.

For interiors, well it matters if it is a private owner's plane, or a rental. Interiors for Flight School, Clubs, and FBO aircraft take longer due to the number of flights and people who do not own the aircraft flying it. Private owners quite quickly, as you can use a quick dust buster portable, wipe down the dash, detail out the instrument panel and pump-spray bottle the doors and interior plastic, leather and vinyl.

Indeed, I'd say 5-minutes, a little longer than a car due to the tight quarters and difficulty moving around inside. Add an additional 5-minutes for flight school aircraft, they really get messy, especially as food items get between the seat tracks and things like that.

The big money in cleaning aircraft really is the corporate jet market, but until things drastically improve, I mentioned he'd have a tough go of it. But he could still do well detailing light aircraft, single engine jobs, as not all aircraft owners were in tough times, it really depends on where their money is coming from and the type of business they are in. “Aircraft washing is hard work,” I said “make no mistake about that.” If you are considering starting an aircraft cleaning service, sometimes you will consider all this.

Real Flight Simulator – Learn From Other Pilots’ Mistakes

A real flight simulator is more than just some high-tech airplane video game. It is a learning tool. Aside from being a training aid to teach you to learn how to fly airplanes, it also serves as an educational tool in the sense that it can help you to learn from the mistakes of other…

A real flight simulator is more than just some high-tech airplane video game. It is a learning tool.

Aside from being a training aid to teach you to learn how to fly airplanes, it also serves as an educational tool in the sense that it can help you to learn from the mistakes of other pilots.

Whenever you hear about plane crashes in the media, there is always some sort of discernible, preventable cause.

Pilot error might be at fault. Mechanical error could play a role in the accident. Or even hazardous weather conditions could have made the conditions difficult for a pilot to handle the plane properly in a particular situation.

Whatever the case may be, every aviation accident could have been prevented.

So how can we learn from other pilots' mistakes, to ensure that we do not repeat their mistakes again?

One way is to study each accident in the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) accident database.

The other way is to use a real flight simulator to try to replay or recreate the conditions of the doomed flight, learn from the mistakes that were made, and then identify how you might be able to prevent the same accident from occurring if you were to ever find yourself in that same set of circumstances that caused the accident in the first place.

With a real flight simulator, you can replicate the weather conditions and you can attempt to maneuver the plane at the same altitude, airspeed, and attitude as the original plane did, and see if you end up with the same result (crashing). If you do, then you know that you have learned from the previous pilot's mistake.

Our Aircraft and Space Craft Are About to Change – Never Will They Be the Same

It looks like airline manufacturers like Boeing, Airbus, Embraer, bombardier, and many others which will be on the market soon such as the Chinese newest copy cat airliner which looks like a DC-9 or 727 hybrid are all building very similar aircraft. Even Boeing's new 787 although it is revolutionary in many regards because it…

It looks like airline manufacturers like Boeing, Airbus, Embraer, bombardier, and many others which will be on the market soon such as the Chinese newest copy cat airliner which looks like a DC-9 or 727 hybrid are all building very similar aircraft. Even Boeing's new 787 although it is revolutionary in many regards because it is made entirely out of composite, still looks the same as a normal aircraft. Sure, it has tweaks and design efficiencies here and there, but aerodynamically speaking it looks to be an incremental change.

The lightweight structure improves efficiency, fuel economy, and therefore makes it the better aircraft, but it also costs significantly more and there before it will affect the purchasing airline's return on investment even though it will certainly make it up and fuel over time. Also, it is not a very large aircraft, like a wide-body 747, and although it has long-range, better speed, and super materials it is only part of the new wave of the future of aerospace.

In the future new materials will change everything, wing spars and ribs will no longer be anywhere near what they are today, and with shape shifting materials there is no reason to keep the same shape through the flight. All the mechanical controls are will no longer be needed in the future, because the wings will be able to bend and change the airflow for pitch, roll, and yaw. Instead of mechanical flaps and slats, the wing will re-contour itself for a landing configuration, or a super cruise configuration.

As the fuel gets used, and the fuel tanks become empty – the aircraft can shrink in size, and restreamline itself for better aerodynamics. The aircraft design and look of today will be changed in the future to blended wings, and other innovative designs which may be 30% more efficient than they are today. Couple that with the new materials, and you may end up with airliners which are 50% more efficient than today. This means they will use less fuel, carry more weight, and have far better range. This means a lower pollution footprint as well, and quieter to boot.

It also will bring down the cost of air travel, which every airline passenger could enjoy. But it's not just for airliners, because in the future space craft will also have these attributes and abilities. In fact, the airlines of the future may climb up outside the Earth's atmosphere and you'll be able to reach your destination anywhere in the world within about an hour and a half or less. That's right, New York to China in just over an hour. Please consider all this.

Aerospace Supply Chain Management

It is the development of software that has changed the aircraft spares industry more than anything else in the history of aviation. Supply chain management partnerships reduced inventories and increased materials availability. Stockouts, shortages and expediting fees are rarely due to a lack of inventory. Usually they are due to a lack of visibility, control,…

It is the development of software that has changed the aircraft spares industry more than anything else in the history of aviation. Supply chain management partnerships reduced inventories and increased materials availability. Stockouts, shortages and expediting fees are rarely due to a lack of inventory. Usually they are due to a lack of visibility, control, and system flexibility.

This kind of software puts real-time usage data right at your fingertips – and provides the power to use this information to make sure that the right parts get to the right places precisely when they are needed.

With more control you can:

Substantly decrease your overall inventory
Quickly see and adapt to changes in demand … as they occur
Diminish the possibility of shortages and stockouts
In short, such software will let your employees spend their time adding value, not leasing parts or expediting shipments.

Supply chain management software is a true pull system capable to provide real-time demand data from each location – even for the highest volume parts.

> It has been specifically designed to meet the prerequisite needs of multiple supplier operations and outsourcing.
> It automates the latest kitting, subassembly, and direct line feed (DLF) operations.
> It is aligned to your current warehouse, helping assign tasks and facilitate all steps of the materials flow in the most efficient manner.
> It can pay for itself within 6 months:

Provided initial savings, including reduced stock levels plus point-of-invoice controls, that should begin to pay for the system immediately. Dramatically decrements expediting fees, personnel costs, and end-of-the-year stock dumping. Once You See the system In Action, You Will not Be Able To Imagine A Supply Chain Without It.

Technical Mouldings

Aerospace plastic component molding. Components can be produced with rocks, varying thickness, and superb surfaces, using almost all thermoplastics materials. Orientation of molecules and reinforcement occurs during the process. High pressures, nonuniform polymer shrinkage, and orientation can lead to warpage and sinkage over ribs and bosses. Warpage is most similar with crystalline materials and with…

Aerospace plastic component molding.

Components can be produced with rocks, varying thickness, and superb surfaces, using almost all thermoplastics materials. Orientation of molecules and reinforcement occurs during the process. High pressures, nonuniform polymer shrinkage, and orientation can lead to warpage and sinkage over ribs and bosses. Warpage is most similar with crystalline materials and with large, rather flat parts.

In as9100 accredited mouldings, plastics granules are softened and forced under pressure into a cold mold through small orifices, or gates. Pressure is maintained on the material after injection is complete so as to reduce sinkage of the ribs and bosses as the material cools. Pressure is higher at the gates because it will not transfer effectively through the compressible and rapidly cooling melt. The additional packing pressure leads to a higher density of material near the gates and causes internal stresses. These stresses tend to be partially relieved when the part is removed from the tool, resulting in warpage.
The plastics melt must flow from the gates, through the narrow gap between cooled mold surfaces, to the edge of the tool. As the material flows, the gap becomes narrower as some of the melt solidifies at the mold surface. The pressure, flow rate, and distance between the mold faces must be great enough, and the material viscosity low enough, to fill the mold before the solidifying material closes off the flow path. For each material and part thickness, there is a maximum practical flow length from a gate.

The higher the pressure and the narrower the flow path, the greater the orientation. As the gap freezes off, the orientation becomes greater. Therefore, the orientation at the center of the component wall is much higher than that at the surface. For the same reason, orientation is highest near the gates. The gates should not be in areas that are likely to suffer impact or other stresses. such as chemical attack.

Technical moldings.

The maximum practical thickness of components is about 4 mm (0.16 in.); above this thickness, cooling time becomes excessive. The minimum normal thickness for injection molding is about 1 mm (0.04 in.); Below this level, the part cools before the tool filled, and orientation is excessive. Polystyrene drinking glasses, for example, will always split in the direction of flow when squeezed.

The largest readily available presses have about a 27 MN (3000 tonf) clamping force, which restricts part size to about l m2 (10 ft2) or less for more difficult and filled materials. The flow length of the plastics from any one gate is limited to about 500 mm (20 in.) With a 3 mm wall thickness.

Therefore, multiple gates must be used for large parts. Gate design and position are very important for reducing part warpage and add to the complexity of orientation effects.

The strength and modulus values ​​of parts when plastic component molding as9100 accredited mouldings are limited by theability of the process to handle reinforcement longer than a few millimeters without breaking the fibers or blocking me injection system. Although fillers and short fiber reinforcements can be added. this tenders to produce stiffer components having greater resistance to load at elevated temperature but much lower impact resistance.

Some specially formulated materials have been produced that contain glass approximately 10 mm (0.4 in.) In length. These materials can be used to a limited amount with injection molding, but are better suited to injection / compression processes.